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PRINSIP STRATIGRAFI

Prinsip Stratigrafi Menurut Stenno

Prinsip Superposisi

Dalam tata urutan sekuen, maka setiap batuan yang lebih muda berada diatas batuan yang dibawahnya

"...at the time when any given stratum was being formed, all the matter resting upon it was fluid, and, therefore, at the time when the lower stratum was being formed, none of the upper strata existed." Steno, 1669.

Prinsip Horizontalitas

Perlapisan batuan akan terendapkan secara horizontal dan terdeformasi dalam setelahnya

"Strata either perpendicular to the horizon or inclined to the horizon were at one time parallel to the horizon." Steno, 1669.

Prinsip keterusan perlapisan (Strata continuity)

Perlapisan dapat diasumsikan menerus secara lateral sangat jauh hingga tepi pembatas.

"Material forming any stratum were continuous over the surface of the Earth unless some other solid bodies stood in the way." Steno, 1669

Prinsip hubungan potong memotong (Cross cutting relationship)

Sesuatu yang memotong batuan kemungkinan besar berumur lebih muda.

"If a body or discontinuity cuts across a stratum, it must have formed after that stratum." Steno, 1669


Prinsip suksesi biota (Biotic succession)

Tata urutan dari bentuk kehidupan dalam rekaman stratigrafi mengikuti aturan-aturan tertentu.


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